1. Avoid Triggers
2. Cold CompressesSymptoms due to eye allergies usually respond well to cold compresses. To make a cold compress, fill a bowl with ice and water. Submerge a clean washcloth into the bowl, then wring out the excess water. (Small bags of frozen peas or corn work well for this purpose as well, as they conform to the eye area and maintain a cold temperature.) Apply cold compresses to closed eyes for 5 to 10 minutes, a few times per day.
3. Chilled Eye Drops
4. OTC Antihistamine Drops
5. Zatidor (Alaway)Zaditor, also available under the name Alaway, works well for allergies and is available without a prescription. Zaditor has a triple pharmacologic effect: It has an antihistamine effect, prevents the release of inflammatory mediators that worsen allergic symptoms, and prevents eosinophils from being released. (Eosinophils are immune cells that become activated in late-phase allergies, causing more symptoms.)
6. PatadayPataday is one of the most popular prescription-strength drugs prescribed by eye doctors. Pataday is a combination antihistamine and mast cell stabilizer. It is a popular drug because only one drop in the morning lasts for 24 hours. It is tolerated well by children because it does not sting the eyes and is safe enough to use everyday. It is approved to use in children three years of age and older.
7. ElestatElestat is a fast-acting, long-lasting prescription eye drop that relieves itching and soothes the eyes upon instillation. It is very similar to Pataday, but must be instilled twice per day. However, it has a fast onset, working in as little as three minutes. It is also approved for children as young as three years of age.
8. AlrexAlrex is a mild, safe steroid that is sometimes used in acute allergies. Doctors often prescribe Alrex when something a little stronger is needed. Alrex is the first steroid designed for seasonal allergic conjunctivitis. It provides relief against itching, redness, burning, and light sensitivity. Many doctors prescribe it four times per day for a week or two and then taper the drop down to once or twice per day for a week or two. Alrex works well, but if allergies affect your eyes every day, then Pataday or Elestat are probably better alternatives.
Source: Eye Health Media Guide. "Eye Allergies." Pp. 2.8 - 2.12, 2006.