Ophthalmologist are eye doctors known as a either a Medical Doctor (M.D.) or Doctor of Osteopathy (D.O.) who specialize in medical and surgical eye care. These eye doctors can prescribe medications to treat eye diseases, perform eye surgery, perform routine eye examinations and prescribe glasses and contact lenses. Becoming an ophthalmologist usually takes 12 or more years of education and training.Optometrists
Optometrists are eye doctors with a Doctor of Optometry (O.D.) degree and is the main primary eye care practitioner. These types of eye doctors can diagnose vision problems and eye diseases, prescribe medications to treat most eye diseases, perform minor in-office procedures, provide treatment before and after surgery, and prescribe glasses and contact lenses. Becoming an optometrist usually takes about eight or nine years of education and training.Opticians
Although not eye doctors, opticians are eye care professionals who can dispense, adjust and repair eyeglasses. An optician is trained to grind and fabricate lenses for eyeglasses and help patients find the best eyeglasses and contact lenses for their lifestyles. Some opticians earn a two-year associate degree in opticianry. Other opticians become certified by completing an apprenticeship under professional eye doctors.